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Native Plant of the Week: Wild Indigo

Family: Fabaceae (Pea)

Name: Baptisia tinctoria - Wild Indigo

Bloom Time: May-June

Flower: Yellow

Soil Condition: Dry, Average, Sandy, Well Drained

Light: Sun

Height: 24-36" tall by 24-36" wide

Native Range: Eastern United States including Long Island

Zone: 3 to 9

Baptisia tinctoria takes about 3 to establish itself as it puts all its energy into its deep taproot. Once established, the bright yellow flowers are a nice contrast to the blue-gray foliage. The showy black seed pods are an added bonus. Being a legume, it fixes its own nitrogen. This can be found in the Long Island Pine Barrens.

Fun Fact: Its other common name, Horseflyweed, was due to its reputation for protecting horses and mules from horseflies.

Maintenance: Does not do well with taller plants as shade is a cause for its demise.

Benefits: Special value to bumble bees, pollinators, host plant to Frosted Elfin, Hoary Edge and Wild Indigo Duskywing, deer and rabbit resistant, drought tolerant

Companion Plants: Callirhoe involucrata - Poppy Mallow, Asclepias tuberosa - Butterfly Weed, Eragrostis spectabilis - Purple Love Grass,



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