Name: Amelanchier canadensis - Serviceberry
Bloom Time: April - May
Fruit: June, dark purple
Soil Condition: Average - Moist, Adaptable
Light: Sun to Partial Shade
Native Range: Eastern North America including Long Island
Serviceberry is a fantastic, three-season shrub. It is usually multi-trunked (suckers) and has a lovely vase shape. Flowers emerge before the foliage and are a must for early-season native pollinators. Gorgeous orange and red fall foliage. It is moderately deer resistant and can tolerate full shade. They are self-fertile (flowers are male and female) but it does fruit best when it has a partner.
Maintenance: Serviceberries are subject to many diseases but they are usually only cosmetic and do not threaten the tree. Only prune in early spring. Remove crossing stems.
Benefits: host plant to the Red-spotted Purple and Viceroy butterflies, a nectar source for butterflies and insects including native bees, fruits are edible for us and the critters
Companion Plants: Cornus florida, Hydrangea quercifolia, Heuchera americana, Symphyotrichum cordifolium, Carex appalachica, Dennstaedtia punctilobula