Birding with Native Plants

Updated: Jan 31

Long Island is a fantastic place for birding, whether in a park or your own backyard.


To increase the amount of birds in your own yard you will need a fresh water source. This can be a birdbath*, pond, fountain (small or large) or small patio water garden. Water helps birds stay hydrated, clean and it cools them off during the hot summer months.


Shelter is also important for nesting and safety (to elude predators). Shelter can be a brush pile behind a shed, stacked wood piles, nesting and roosting boxes, dead trees (if they can be safely kept on site without posing a threat to your house or yourself) and a layered woodland (see pic below). This layered woodland will also provide places for insects, which the birds will rely on for food. You don’t need a lot of space to do this. It can be a small corner in your yard, a fence line, a stand alone island bed and even created with large planters!

And last but not least, food from berries to seeds to nectar. This is where our native plants are most important and are the obvious choice for bringing birds into your yard. Many of our native trees, shrubs and perennials are host plants**. A host plant is a plant a butterfly or moth relies on to lay their eggs and have food for the larvae when it emerges.


Bird feeders and suet feeders*** (best for cold weather as high temperatures can turn it rancid quickly) are okay for supplemental food in the late fall and winter but come spring and summer remove this feature to encourage the birds to forage for caterpillars, seeds, etc. It is also very important to keep the area below the feeders tidy to discourage rats and diseases. Using a ‘no mess’ (no husks or shells) mix of seed and nuts will help to keep the area below the feeders cleaner. Simply rake and throw away any feces and shells at least once a week.


Native Plants for Native Birds


This is a short list of native plants to bring in the native birds. You don’t need all of them to attract the birds, just a few will make a big difference in your yard!


Trees - necessary for nesting, food and shelter

Betula nigra - River Birch

Celtis occidentalis - Common Hackberry

Juniperus virginiana - Easter Red Cedar

Persimmon virginiana - Common Persimmon

Prunus maritima - Beach Plum

Prunus serotina - Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana - Chokecherry

Quercus species (Red, White, Black, Pin, Bear)

Salix discolor - Pussy Willow

Salix nigra - Black Willow

Sassafras albidum - Sassafras


Shrubs - understory layers and great for providing shelter and food

Amelanchier canadensis - Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis - Allegheny Serviceberry

Aronia arbutifolia - Red Chokeberry

Aronia melanocarpa - Black Chokeberry

Callicarpa americana - American Beautyberry

Cephalanthus occidentalis - Buttonbush

Cornus alternifolia - Pagoda Dogwood

Cornus florida - Common Dogwood

Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood

Ilex glabra - Inkberry

Ilex verticillata - Winterberry

Rhus typhina - Staghorn Sumac

Sambucus canadensis - Black Elderberry

Vaccinium corymbosum - Highbush Blueberry

Viburnum dentatum - Arrowwood

Perennials: field and herb level for shelter, food and nesting material

Echinacea purpurea - Purple Coneflower

Lobelia cardinalis - Cardinal Flower

Rudbeckia laciniata - Laceleaf Coneflower

Solidago odora - Sweet Goldenrod

Solidago sempervirens - Seaside Goldenrod


Vines: provide shelter and food

Lonicera sempervirens - Coral Honeysuckle

Parthenocissus quinqefolia - Virginia Creeper


Some of our native feathered friends:

Male White-breasted Nuthatch

Tufted Titmouse

Cedar Waxwing enjoying the berries from an Eastern Red Cedar

Female Northern Cardinal in winter

Northern Mockingbird in late winter

Female Red-bellied Woodpecker attending to her brood


The 25th Great Backyard Bird Count will be happening February 18th through February 21st. This is a great time to start birding and sharing it with others, especially children. This is worldwide and for a good cause. For more information: https://www.audubon.org/conservation/about-great-backyard-bird-count.


pics: KMS Native Plants LLC

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*change the water daily and be sure to thoroughly clean your bird baths at least once a week. I use a few drops of dawn liquid soap and a stiff scrub brush. Make sure you rinse thoroughly.


**host plants: https://docs.google.com/document/d/194TDY4CRKhddCuRf5YN0kG16wrOZPuIhpMrAKGg3LOQ/edit)


***Remember to clean your feeders at least every two weeks with 9 parts water to 1 part bleach and make sure it dries completely before filling it with food again.

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References:

https://www.audubon.org